Tuesday, January 12, 2010

World History Time Line


16 BYA Big Bang
Formation of first galaxies and galactic clusters out of the massive primordial dust cloud
4.5 BYA Formation of Solar System & Earth
3.8 BYA First & primitive life forms on Earth
65 MYA Dinousaurs die out
Homo Erectus
Homo Australopethicus
200 KYA First Homo Sapiens
100 KYA Neanderthal man dies out
50 KYA Cro-Magnon man dies out
13 KYA end of last ice-age
10 KYA First forms of agriculture & cultivation in the Fertile Cresent (modern day North-West Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, ...)
8 KYA Spread of agriculture across Asia & Africa

BYA - Billion Years Ago MYA- Million Years Ago KYA - Thousand Years Ago

6000 YEARS AGO Ancient Sumer: first forms of writing & mathematics
Hammurabi the firt Law Giver
Persian Empire
Cyrus the Great
Darius the Great
Greek learning
Alexander the Great
Ashoka the Great
First Triumvarate (Julius Caesar, Pompey, Lucinus)
Julius Caesar defeats Pompey
Julius Caesar assinated
Second Triumvarate (Augustus Caesar, Mark Antony, ..)
Roman Empire
4 BC Birth of Christ

29 AD Crucifixion of Christ
Saint Paul The most important person for Christianity after Christ himself. His three missionary journeys. Martyred at Rome by beheading.
200 to 400 Christianization (first Arianism then official Christianity) of Germanic tribes
300 to 600 Decline of Roman Empire, Rise of primitive Germanic tribes as the central European power. Decline of classical learning, start of Dark Ages.
Saint Augustine Perhaps the most important person for official Christianity after Christ & Paul. Played a central role in defending the Church against heretic & pagan philosophers. Thereby laid down the basics of what was to become Christendom. His autobiography "Confessions" was a masterpiece.
600 to 1200 Dark Ages. Primitive Germanic Kings and a corrupt Catholic church as the power centers of European politics. A period of revisionism & backwardness in Europe.
570 AD Birth of Muhammad Prophet of Islam
632 AD Muhammad dies
632 AD Muslim forces lead by Khalid Al-Walid (nicknamed by Prophet Muhammad as ... or Sword of Allah) win Battle of Yarmouk against Christian Byzantine forces, captures large parts of Syria & Iraq; thereby giving Islamic forces an opening out of Arabian main land (decisive in later Islamic expansion)
630 to 1200 rise and expansion of Islam as a global religious, political and cultural force
Islamic forces vs Persian Empire
711 Islamic forces invades the Iberian penisula (southern Portugal & Spain)
Islamic forces invades the Indian subcontinent. Raja Dahir defeated by Muslim forces lead by
732 Battle of Poiters: Charles Martel defeats Muslim forces thereby preventing the Islamization of Europe
800 to 1000 Islamic Golden Age: Revival of classical Greek learning by Arabs, Many distinguished scholars & scientists in the Islamic world.
1100-1200 Crusades

Ibn Sina
Ibn Rashid
Ibn Khaldoun
Al Ghazali
Omar Khayam

Classical Greek learning and knowledge from China and India enter Europe via the Byzantine Empire and Muslim traders.
The Great Enlightenment & Rennainssance in Europe
Martin Luther rises against the Catholic Church
Protestant Reformation & Catholic Counter-Reformation helps to open the eyes of a Western Christendom from its self imposed Darkness

Byzantian Empire ends at the hands of invading Ottoman Turks. Seige of Constatinople (then renamed as Istanbul). Migration of Greek scholars to Europe (one of the main factors for Europen enligtenment)
Mughal Empire
1490 Defeat and explusion of Moors (Muslim rulers & communities) from Cordoba (Southern Spain)
1492 Columbus discovers Americas
1498 Vasco Da Gama find sea route to India
Hernando Cortez
Fransico Pizzaro
1500 to 1950 European expansion and colonialization of the world
Battle of Lepanto Decisive European naval victory over Ottoman Turks (a significant event for European control of seas & colonialization)
Francis Bacon
Galileo Galilee
Johannes Kepler
Isaac Newtwon
Rene Descartes
Immanuel Kant
Karl Marx
Charles Darwin
Albert Einstein
John Von Nuemann
Alan Turing
Schrodinger, Heisenberg, Bohr, De Broglie, ... Quantum Mechanics
Invention of Transistor (Jack Kilby, Brattain, ...)
ARPANET the later Internet
1914-1918 First World War
1939-1945 Second World War
Korean War
Vietnam War
1989 Tim Berners-Lee creates what is to become the World Wide Web

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